Shalimar Garden-UNESCO World Heritage Site


Shalimar Garden is a UNESCO world heritage site located in Lahore, Pakistan. Built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan Shalimar garden was completed in the year 1641. Khalilullah Khan a member of the Shah Jahan cabinet looked after this historic garden project management.

Major Tourist Attraction

Shalimar garden forms a major tourist attraction of Lahore. With it holding the distinguished status of being a UNESCO world heritage site and its historic relevance the site witnesses a large number of visitors.

Covered Area

Shalimar garden has a covered area of 16 hectares and measures 658 meters by 258 meters.


Shalimar garden is renowned and revered for its unique architecture boosting an oblong parallelogram shape covered with magnificent brick wall from all sides. However, the factor that lends magnificence to the walls is their stunning intricate fretwork.


Shalimar garden has 3 level terraces which make their way from the south to the north side of the garden.

These terraces are at a height of approximately five meters one above the others with a similar distance level. Each terrace has a unique name to it let’s take a look into these.

Hayat Baksh(Lowest Elevation)

The terrace at the lowest elevation is known as Hayat Baksh

Faiz Baksh (Middle Elevation)

The terrace at the middle elevation level is known as Faiz Baksh

Farah Baksh (Highest Elevation)

The terrace at the highest elevation is known as Farah Baksh.


Fountains are another feature of Shalimar Garden which imparts it the grandeur it enjoys. The garden features as many as 410 canals and the water from the magnificent fountains flow into white marble pools.

The upper terrace of the garden features 105 fountains while the mid level terrace features a total of 152 fountains.  However, the lower level terrace features the highest number of fountains that is 153.


If you think that the garden only features fountains and terraces then you will be amazed to know that the garden also boosts buildings. The buildings in the garden were constructed for the purpose of serving the Royal family and the visitors. These include

  • Aiwan also known as the Grand Hall
  • Aramgah also known as the resting place
  • Hammam also known as the royal bath place
  • Begum Sahib Khawabgah which served as the bedroom of the emperor’s wife
  • Minarets which are located at the respective corners of the garden
  • 2 gateways
  • Baradaries the place to enjoy the cool environment created by the fountains
  • Diwan-e-Khas-o-Aam which served as the hall for both the ordinary and special visitors of the emperor.
  • Naqar Khana
  • Sawan Bhadun Pavilion



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