Mohenjo-Daro is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Sind, Pakistan. It is an archaeological site which was built around 2500 BCE.
Considered among the world’s earliest major urban settlements, the city of Mohenjo-Daro was among the largest ancient Indus Valley Civilization settlements of its time.
The city was discovered in the year 1920. However, it was not until 1980 that the city was designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Meaning of the Name Given to the City
If you think that Mohenjo-Daro is the original name of the city then you would be surprised to know that the original name of the city was never discovered. The name Mohenjo-Daro was coined in the local Sindhi language where the city was discovered and means “Mound of the Dead Men”
Highly Developed City of its Time
Mohenjo-Daro was a highly developed city of its time which is evident from its sophisticated urban planning and civil engineering. The city is made from fired and mortared bricks along with sun dried mud brick. However, wooden superstructures have also been discovered in the city.
The city covered area is estimated to be around 300 hectares while the Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History estimates that the population of the city may have been around 40,000.
Various notable artefacts were discovered during the excavation including dancing girl, priest-king along with seven stranded necklace and Pashupati seal etc.
The City abandonment
The city was abandoned around 1900 BCE. However, the exact reason behind the abandonment is still unknown.
Though various theories were floated why the inhabitants of this city abandoned the city the exact cause still remains unknown.
Mohenjo-Daro, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a must visit place in Pakistan. Therefore, whether you are interested in visiting heritage sites or planning to visit Pakistan, make sure you visit Mohenjo-Daro.